Industry Skill Overview

Approximately 60% of the products manufactured by India's handicrafts sector and 90% by the carpets sector are exported. These products are demand driven and keep changing regularly, necessitating new skills. Therefore, the skill requirement of workforce including artisans who cater to the international market needs to be updated regularly.

Artisans also need to be trained on soft skills so that they are able to understand the requirements and translate them into products. There are modern & advanced tools and technology available in competitor nations, where the pace of change in technology is rapid. Hence our workforce needs to be up skilled and re-skilled for understanding the global trends & rests.

The shortage of skilled workforce has adversely impacted the growth of this industry as many crafts are now languishing. There is an urgent need to identify the gaps, assess the demand of various skill sets and build skilled workforce for which all stakeholders need to work collectively.

Issues and Challenges

  • Lack of awareness about new trends and designs patterns among craftsmen.
  • Changing skill requirement - Lack of technological support, training, and R&D.
  • Extinction of some of the traditional crafts due to mechanization and lack of skilled workforce.
  • Inadequate material testing and performance measurement techniques.
  • Inadequate training centres and limited availability of certified training module & curriculum.
  • Most training is in-house with no formal certification and hence not acceptable by industry at large.
  • Unavailability of a single monitoring, regulatory and “Assessing & Certifying” body for all the skills required in the industry.
  • No formal mechanism to identify quantum or type of manpower required for different trades in various segments.

National Occupational Standards (NOS)

The Council would map the various skill types in the industry with their requisite competencies, through development of National Occupational Standards (NOS). This would help in bringing uniformity and standardization in the process.

Quality Processes

There would be increasing focus on adoption of quality and environmental management standard certifications, such as:

  • ISO 9001:2008
  • ISO 14001

It is expected to train approximately 4,583 trainers and provide skills to approximately 2.01million people under this program, including the in-service manpower, in the next 10 years through 140 training centres. The pilot phase will be executed withthe support of few competent accreditation partners and reputed training institutes in every region to carry out ‘Training of Trainers’ (TOT). The training for Re-skilling and Skills Up-gradation of candidates who are already in job will also be taken up after the pilot phase is successfully executed.

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